A history of Latin America Essay

It was during the European colonial enlargement that Brazil fell under Portugal as a settlement. Colonization in Brazil spanned the period between 1500 to twelvemonth 1815. Portugal was interested in Brazil for a figure of grounds that included the hope of acquiring minerals. natural stuffs every bit good as slave trade and labour to among other involvements. The colonisation of Brazil had some consequence on the native manner of life. with most of these effects holding had a permanent consequence to day of the month.

It’s worth observing that from the history of Brazil. France besides had an involvement in Brazil but could non stand up to Portugal which had taken the control of this portion of the universe through the sign language of a pact. The Portugal male monarch known as king Manuel 1 who was reigning so wanted the settlement to be ruled under a system of 15 familial captaincies- a tantrum that failed to work due to large-scale failure. The system gave manner to royal endeavor in 1549. The undermentioned essay describes the causes and the effects of the Lusitanian colonialism in Brazil.

Causes of colonialism There are a figure of things that preceded the Lusitanian entry into and colonisation of Brazil. Following the sign language of the pact of Tordelsillas in the twelvemonth 1494 that facilitated the division of the universe between Spain and Portugal. all land falling to the E was taken up by Portugal while Spain took up the land on the western side. In the twelvemonth 1500. a sailing master. Captain Pedro Alvares Cabral in charge of a fleet of 13 ships draging the path taken by Vasco district attorney Gama to India. landed in Brazil.

He possessed this land for king Manuel 1 as an abroad colonial land for Portugal. His ownership of the land made it a colonial land for Portugal ( Sweet 2007p233 ) . The Portuguese expressed their involvement in Brazil due to the presence of natural stuffs that proved to be valuable for Portugal. One of the natural stuffs that Portugal got from Brazil includes the Brazilwood tree from which dark wood and ruddy dye could be extracted. The Brazilwood was readily available in the Brazilian rain forest where it grew of course.

The ruddy dye was exported to Europe where it was utile in staining epicurean fabric for trading. The dark wood was sought for commercial intents as well- specifically for sale within the European markets. The Portugal colonial system was besides interested in turning sugar cane from Brazil for usage in doing of vino and for exporting to Portugal. An involvement in other agricultural merchandises of the nature of hard currency harvests besides interested the Portugal royal authorities that was reigning under the male monarch Manuel 1 to take up Brazil as a settlement. The hard currency harvests drawn from Brazil included cotton and baccy.

These two hard currency harvests were exported to Europe for sale in the European market. Portugal was interested in Brazil due to the chance of acquiring slaves for labour and trade. The plantations in Europe required free labour that slaves could supply. Portugal marked Brazil as a possible country where for acquiring slaves for their plantations in Europe or for merchandising them. Even though the Portugal governments had managed to transact some of the slaves with a Brazilian beginning. the coming of the Jesuits in Brazil greatly led to the autumn of the trade since they were opposed to the trade.

This forced the Portugal governments to ship on importing slaves from West Africa. At the same clip. labour was greatly needed in the sugar plantations in Brazil. The indigens provided this labour in exchange of scissors. axes. mirrors and knives while some were captured and forced to supply the labour as slaves ( Morris 2006p34 ) . Another ground why Portuguese had an involvement in Brazil was because they were trusting to acquire minerals that they could utilize for their industries in Portugal or sell them in the European market.

Though ab initio no minerals were found. some sedimentations of gold and subsequently diamonds were found in the eighteenth century in the inside of Brazil by the bandeirantes. The country where gold sedimentations were found is known as the Minas Gerais mines. Deposits of diamond were found in 1729 in a small town known as the Tujico village- the present twenty-four hours Diamantina. The Gallic had expressed an involvement n the land of Brazil as it was attracted to the Brazilwood and the chance of mining some minerals from the land. This forced Lusitanian to take up the land for set uping colonial regulation in it before the Gallic powers could take it over.

Even though Lusitanian had already possessed the land of Brazil. the heavy presence of the Gallic military along the cost of Brazil forced the Portuguese to put the colonial powers and utilize military power to evacuate the Gallic from the Brazilian seashore ( Leftwich 1999p156 ) . Effectss of Lusitanian colonialism in Brazil The presence of the Portuguese colonial power in Brazil affected a figure of the native life of the people in Brazil. Colonialism led to the widespread and acceptance of the Catholic religion in worship. This was a consequence of the coming of the Jesuits. who were led by the first governor. Tome de Sousa.

The Jesuits made a great representation of the spiritual endeavor. puting missions within Brazil and actively change overing the indigens into the Catholic religion. Another effect of the Portuguese colonial powers in Brazil is the decease of a great figure of people due to wars that pervaded the settlement. The indigens were opposed to the colonial powers and hence staged oppositions that led to the decease of many indigens. An illustration of the native rebellions is the Guarani war of the twelvemonth 1756 where the indigen were contending the Lusitanian governments as a protest against slave trade.

The native guaranis were assisted by the Jesuits who besides opposed slave trade and labour ( Chasteen 2001 p251 ) . The colonial epoch in Brazil besides played a great function in the proliferation of the people of the African beginning in Brazil. Since Brazil drew a batch of slaves from the West African part to work within the plantations in Brazil. a really big figure of Africans settled within the Brazilian land after the slave trade was abolished since they had no manner of traveling back to Africa even when they were set free ( Freyre 2008 p458 ) .

There was a proliferation of infective diseases that were brought by the colonialist from Europe to Brazil. The indigens had no natural unsusceptibility against these diseases and this led to the decease of a great figure of indigens from these foreign diseases. The colonial powers besides led to the embracing of the sugar cane turning in agricultural sector for export. Since sugar cane had such a high demand within the European market. the enlargement of the sugar cane sector drew great net incomes.

This sector nevertheless received a blow and fell one time the Dutch and the Gallic started cultivating and exporting sugar cane to the European market. Since Antilles- the country where Dutch and the Gallic produced the sugar was much closer to Europe. the sugar monetary values fell drastically towards the terminal of the seventeenth century and the beginning of the eighteenth century during which clip the sugar industry on Brazil fell. The colonial powers within Brazil besides led to the initiation of the Rio de Janeiro metropolis in the twelvemonth 1565 by the governor general Estacio de Sa’ .

He established Rio de Janeiro as the capital of Brazil in the twelvemonth 1763 from Salvador. At the same clip. a figure of alterations took topographic point with the metropoliss in Brazil. The estados – states- in Brazil had been divided and separated so that they were headed by the metropolis council prior to the twelvemonth 1763. The metropolis councils were composed of top figures within the Brazilian land including the merchandisers. land proprietors and concern work forces. Since Brazil was to large to be administered by the royal authorities. there arose a demand to split this country into smaller estates.

The provinces of Brasil. Maranhao. and Grao-para were unified into Brazilian viceroyalty in the twelvemonth 1763 and Rio de Janeiro was set as the capital of these metropoliss. This helped to destruct the divisions that were created in the early yearss of the colonial invasion ( Freyre 2008 p457 ) . There was the creative activity of a figure of towns in south Brazil. Some of the towns created include Colonia de Sacramento. Alores islands. and Porto Alegre among other towns. As essay shows. there are a figure of major alterations that took topographic point with the enlargement of the Lusitanian power in Brazil.

The native Brazilians abandoned their cultural manner of life and adopted the life that the Portuguese were populating in footings of frock codification. nutrient eaten. and the faith adopted ( Keller 2006p517 ) . Conclusion Expansion of the European powers into the remainder of the universe during the colonial epoch led to major alterations and experiences into the countries that these states set their colonial power. In the instance of Brazil. alterations that took topographic point were experienced over the whole scope of the populating including their societal life. political life and faith among other countries. The consequence of the colonial powers is still felt in Brazil to the present twenty-four hours.

Mentions Chasteen J ( 2001 ) Born in blood and fire: a concise history of Latin America. Norton p251 Freyre G ( 2008 ) The Masterss and the slaves ( Casa-grande & A ; senzala ) Brazilian civilisation. University of Texas p457. 458 Keller ( 2006 ) Colonization survey. initiation of new societies. Ginn & A ; Company p517 Leftwich A ( 1999 ) Redefining political relations ; public. belongings. and power. Taylor & A ; Francis p156 Morris H ( 2006 ) History of Colonialism from the Earliest Times Present Day. University of Michigan p34 Sweet W ( 2007 ) A history of Latin America. The Abingdon Press p233