American Political System Essay

The United States of America is the most powerful state on Earth. politically. economically and militarily. but its political system is in many of import respects unlike any other in the universe. Americans are proud of their democratic electoral system. Yet. truth be told. few Americans and even fewer perceivers from other states understand the American electoral procedure. The foundation of the American political system were laid like 200 old ages ago. in clip with the fundamental law of North-American province. being the biggest signifier of political organisation with stableness in clip and besides. a theoretical account for other provinces. Therefore. on the one side. the province governments. the Congress. the President and the Supreme Court are practically independent.

On the other side. the President. whom properties have raised from twelvemonth to twelvemonth. it has a big liberty in major systems of authorities. locating on the top of the hierarchy of disposal. We frequently ask if the citizens participate easy and freely in the political procedure and if they have something to state. to how much information do citizens hold entree before they reach their determinations of vote. Most of citizens of democratic governments evaluate other democracies harmonizing to the criterion set by their ain. What is normally common in this election is that the citizens vote to take those who are traveling to regulate them. like: executives. legislators. Judgess. or on the other states. the electors choose national. regional and local officers.

The democracy in United States scores rather high. Voters and campaigners must be able to take advantage of these processs and therefore exert their rights in a manner that impacts governmental policy to conform to citizens expressed penchants. The two specifying features of American democracy are the separation of powers and federalism. Separation of powers agencies that the executive. legislative and judicial powers are housed in separate establishments. The great benefit of this system is that power is dispersed and counter-balanced and the ‘founding fathers’ – the 55 delegates who drafted the Constitution – clearly wished to make a political system which was in crisp contrast to. and much more democratic than. the monarchal system of absolute power so in force in Britain. A federal democracy is that the state is made up of distinguishable geographic fractional monetary units that have residuary powers.

The President has the power to do pacts ( with the ‘advice and consent’ of the Senate ) and the power to put up and have embassadors. The President may non fade out Congress or name particular elections. but does hold the power to excuse felons convicted of offenses against the federal authorities. enact executive orders. and ( with the consent of the Senate ) appoint Supreme Court justnesss and federal Judgess. The President is elected for a fixed term of four old ages and may function a upper limit of two footings. Originally there was no constitutional bound on the figure of footings that a President could function in office and the first President George Washington set the case in point of functioning merely two footings. Following the election of Franklin D Roosevelt to a record four footings. it was decided to restrict footings to two and the relevant constitutional amendment was enacted in 1951.

Elections are ever held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November to co-occur with Congressional elections. The President is non elected straight by the electors but by an Electoral College stand foring each province on the footing of a combination of the figure of members in the Senate ( two for each province regardless of size ) and the figure of members in the House of Representatives. The United States Congress is the bicameral legislative assembly of the federal authorities of the United States dwelling of two houses: the lower house known as the House of Representatives and the upper house known as the Senate. Both representatives and senators are chosen through direct election. Congress has a sum of 535 voting members: 435 members in the House of Representatives and 100 members in the Senate. Members of the House of Representatives serve biennial footings stand foring the people of a territory.

The laminitiss of the United States intended the House to be the politically dominant entity in the federal system and. in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. the House served as the primary forum for political argument. However. later the Senate has been the dominant organic structure. Members of the House are elected by first-past-the-post vote in every province except Louisiana and Washington. which have run-offs. Elections are ever held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November in even numbered old ages. The House has four non-voting delegates from American Samoa ( 1981 ) . the District of Columbia ( 1971 ) . Guam ( 1972 ) and the Virgin Islands ( 1976 ) and one occupant commissioner for Puerto Rico ( 1976 ) . conveying the entire formal rank to 440. The Senate is the upper chamber in the bicameral legislative assembly known jointly as Congress.

The original purpose of the writers of the US Constitution was that the Senate should be a regulative group. less politically dominant than the House. However. since the mid nineteenth century. the Senate has been the dominant chamber and so today it is possibly the most powerful upper house of any legislative organic structure in the universe. Members of the Senate are elected by first-past-the-post vote in every province except Louisiana and Washington. which have run-offs. Activity in the Senate tends to be less partizan and more individualistic than in the House of Representatives. Senate regulations permit what is called a filibuster when a senator. or a series of senators. can talk for every bit long as they wish and on any subject they choose. unless a supermajority of three-fifths of the Senate. The Supreme Court consists of nine Justices: the Chief Justice of the United States and eight Associate Justices.

They have equal weight when vote on a instance and the Chief Justice has no projecting ballot or power to teach co-workers. The Justices are nominated by the President and confirmed with the ‘advice and consent’ of the Senate. As federal Judgess. the Justices serve during “good behavior” . intending basically that they serve for life and can be removed merely by surrender or by impeachment and subsequent strong belief. The tribunal trades with affairs refering to the federal authorities. differences between provinces. and reading of the Constitution. It can declare statute law or executive action made at any degree of the authorities as unconstitutional. invalidating the jurisprudence and making case in point for future jurisprudence and determinations.

In conforming to understand the regulations under which elections are run is critical to appreciate how good the electoral system achieves the ultimate democratic end. The American is laid out in the Declaration of Independence. which of class it outlines the basic dogmas of democracy. The most basic truth is that all work forces are created equal and that they are “endowed by their Godhead with certain rights” . The current political system has changed throughout this nation’s history. But at the same clip the electoral procedure has non changed. “In the American political system. both parties devote their energy to turn out that the other is unfit to govern. And both are right. “ – Henry Lewis Mencken-American journalist ( 1880-1956 )

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[ 2 ] . hypertext transfer protocol: //www. rogerdarlington. me. uk/Americanpoliticalsystem. hypertext markup language [ 3 ] . hypertext transfer protocol: //facultate. regielive. ro/referate/stiinte-politice/sistemul-politic-din-sua-74687. hypertext markup language [ 4 ] . L. Sandy Maisel- American Political Parties and Elections [ 5 ] . hypertext transfer protocol: //www. rogerdarlington. me. uk/Americanpoliticalsystem. html # House [ 6 ] . L. Sandy Maisel – American Political Parties and Elections [ 7 ] . hypertext transfer protocol: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/United_States_Congress