Important People Essay Research Paper Mao ZedongSex

Important Peoples Essay, Research Paper

Mao Zedong

Sexual activity: Male

Pronunciation: [ hayloft dzuhdoong ]

History: besides spelled Mao Tse-tung

Life: ( 1893-1976 )

Leader and taking theoretician of the Chinese communist revolution, born in the small town of Shaoshan, Hunan Province, China, the boy of a husbandman. He graduated from Changsha instructors & # 8217 ; developing college, so worked at Beijing University, where he was influenced by Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao. He took a prima portion in the May Fourth Movement, going a Marxist and a founding member of the Chinese Communist Party ( 1921 ) .

During the first united forepart with the Guomindang ( Nationalist Party ) , he concentrated on political work among the provincials of his native state, and advocated a rural revolution, making a Soviet in Jiangxi state in 1928. After the interruption with the Guomindang in 1927, the Communists were driven from the metropoliss, and with the aid foremost of Zhu De, subsequently of Lin Biao, he evolved the guerilla tactics of & # 8216 ; people & # 8217 ; s war & # 8217 ; .

In 1934 the Guomindang was at last able to destruct the Jiangxi Soviet, and in the subsequent Long March the Communist forces retreated to Shanxi to put up a new base. This established Mao & # 8217 ; s domination in the Party.

When in 1936, under the increasing menace of Nipponese invasion, the Guomindang renewed their confederation with the Communists, Mao restored and immensely increased the political and military power of his Party. His claim to portion in the authorities led to civil war ; the government of Jiang Jieshi was ousted from the Chinese mainland ; and the new People & # 8217 ; s Republic of China was proclaimed ( 1949 ) with Mao as both Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party and President of the Republic.

He followed the Soviet theoretical account of economic development and societal alteration until 1958, so broke with the USSR and launched his Great Leap Forward, which encouraged the constitution of rural industry and the usage of excess rural labor to make a new substructure for agribusiness.

The failure of the Great Leap lost him most of his influence, but by 1966, with China & # 8217 ; s armed forces firmly in the custodies of his ally Lin Biao, he launched the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, and the Great Leap scheme was revived ( with cautiousness ) when the left wing was winning in the resulting political battles ( 1966-71 ) .

He died after a drawn-out unwellness, which may hold weakened his judgement. A strong reaction so set in against & # 8216 ; cult of personality & # 8217 ; and the inordinate Bolshevism and equalitarianism which had emerged during his clip in power. A political, military, societal, and economic litterateur, he was besides a important minor poet.

Kim Il-sung

Sexual activity: Male

Pronunciation: [ kim ilsung ]

History: originally Kim Song-ju

Life: ( 1912-94 )

North Korean soldier, solon, premier curate ( 1948-72 ) , and president ( 1972-94 ) , born near Pyongyang, Korea. He founded the Korean People & # 8217 ; s Revolutionary Army in 1932, and led a long battle against the Japanese. He proclaimed the Republic in 1948, and became effectual caput of province. He was re-elected president in 1982 and 1986, established a alone personality cult wedded to an isolationist, Stalinist political-economic system, and named his boy, Kim Jong-Il ( 1942- ) , as his replacement.

Roh Tae-Woo

Pronunciation: [ roh Tay woo ]

Life: ( 1932- )

South Korean solon and president ( 1988? 92 ) , born in Sinyong, Kyongsang, South Korea. He studied at the Korean Military Academy ( 1951? 5 ) , became commanding general of the Capital Security Command in 1979, and helped General Chun seize power in the putsch of 1979? 80. Retiring from the ground forces in 1981, he became curate for sodium

tional security and foreign personal businesss ( 1981? 2 ) , and curate for place personal businesss ( from 1982 ) .

Elected president of the opinion Democratic Justice Party ( 1985 ) , his political reforms helped reconstruct democracy to the state, and he was elected president despite allegations of fraud and rigged vote. In 1996 he was found guilty of lese majesty and corruptness, and imprisoned ; but released in 1997.

Nehru, Jawaharlal

Sexual activity: Male

Pronunciation: [ nairoo ]

History: known as Pandit ( & # 8217 ; Teacher & # 8217 ; ) Nehru

Life: ( 1889-1964 )

Indian solon and premier curate ( 1947-64 ) , born in Allahabad, India, the boy of Motilal Nehru. He studied at Cambridge, became a attorney, and served in the Allahabad High Court. He joined the Indian Congress Committee ( 1918 ) , was influenced by Gandhi, and was imprisoned several times by the British.

In 1929 he was elected president of the Indian National Congress. He became India & # 8217 ; s first premier curate and curate of external personal businesss ( 1947 ) , and followed a policy of neutrality during the Cold War. He introduced a policy of industrialisation, reorganized the provinces on a lingual footing, and brought the difference with Pakistan over Kashmir to a peaceable solution.

Gandhi, Indira ( Priyadarshini )

Sexual activity: Female

Pronunciation: [ gandee ]

Life: ( 1917-84 )

Indian stateswoman and premier curate ( 1966-77, 1980-4 ) , born in Allahabad, India, the girl of Jawaharlal Nehru. She studied at Visva-Bharati University ( Bengal ) and Oxford, and in 1942 married Feroze Gandhi ( d.1960 ) . She became president of the Indian Congress Party ( 1959-60 ) , curate of information ( 1964 ) , and premier curate following the decease of Shastri.

After her strong belief for election malpractices, she declared a province of exigency ( 1975-7 ) , and was premier once more in 1980. She achieved a considerable repute through her work as a leader of the developing states, but was unable to stem sectarian force at place. She was assassinated in New Delhi by Sikh radical members of her escort.

Ho Chi-Minh

Sexual activity: Male

Pronunciation: [ hoh chee min ]

History: originally Nguyen That Thanh

Life: ( 1892-1969 )

Vietnamese solon, premier curate ( 1954-5 ) , and president ( 1954-69 ) , born in Kim-Lien, North Vietnam. From 1912 he visited London and the USA, and lived in France from 1918, where he was a laminitis member of the Communist Party. From 1922 he was frequently in Moscow. He led the Viet Minh independency motion in 1941, and directed the successful military operations against the Gallic ( 1946-54 ) , going President of North Vietnam. He was a prima force in the war between North and South Vietnam during the sixtiess.

Marcos, Ferdinand ( Edralin )

Sexual activity: Male

Pronunciation: [ mah ( R ) coss ]

Life: ( 1917-89 )

Philippines solon and president ( 1965-86 ) , born in Ilocos Norte, Philippines. He trained as a attorney, and as a politician obtained considerable US support as an anti-Communist. His government as president was marked by increasing repression, abuse of foreign fiscal assistance, and political slayings ( notably the blackwash of Benigno Aquino in 1983 ) .

He declared soldierly jurisprudence in 1972, but was overthrown in 1986 by a popular forepart led by Corazon Aquino. He went into expatriate in Hawaii, where he, and his married woman Imelda ( 1930- ) , fought against demands from US tribunals look intoing charges of fiscal misdirection and corruptness. His organic structure was returned to the Philippines for entombment in 1993, and shortly afterwards Imelda was convicted of corruptness and sentenced to 18 old ages imprisonment.

brown, H & # 8220 ; Important Peoples of The World & # 8221 ;