Macbeth Paper Essay, Research Paper
? Jump the Life to Come?
In the drama? Macbeth? , Shakespeare portrays Macbeth as the normal adult male? at first. Through his accomplishments as a warrior, his friendly relationship with Banquo and his trueness to Duncan, Macbeth attempts to be the mundane adult male. As the drama develops, nevertheless, Macbeth becomes over ambitious and power hungry. Like the book A Simple Plan, where people become so involved in their ain greed and self-prosper that they kill people they love, Macbeth additions power through utmost desire and corruptness. Macbeth does non set out to possess these features. His? simple program? for life is to be a normal adult male, harmonizing to society, characterized by power, category, courage, and pride. The program goes astray as his greed and immorality destroy his chase of normality. Shakespeare clearly establishes that as Macbeth becomes immersed in his societal ends, he becomes cold.
I. Macbeth? s normality
Although Macbeth does non look in the first two scenes of the drama, other characters talk about him in really descriptive footings. Macbeth is seen as a really courageous and highly valorous warrior:
? For brave Macbeth? good he deserves that name? Contemning Fortune, with his brandished steel Which smoked with bloody executing, Like Valour? s minion carved out his transition Till he faced the slave, Which ne? er shook custodies, nor Bade menu good to him, boulder clay he unseamed him from the nave to th? fellows and fixed his caput upon out crenelations? ( 1.2. 16-23 ) .
This captain negotiations approximately Macbeth as though he were a God. Macbeth begins as an audacious character who is feared by his enemies and admired by his friends. This shows that society values courage and audaciousness.
Macbeth starts as a great warrior and a loyal retainer to Duncan. Macbeth has served under Duncan for many old ages as Thane of Glamis. When Duncan becomes excessively old to contend, Macbeth takes his topographic point in the front line. He leads Duncan? s ground forces into many conflicts and battles bravely for his side. Unlike the Thane of Cawdor, who betrayed Duncan in conflict, Macbeth remains loyal no affair what the state of affairs. Duncan is really proud to hold Macbeth contending for his side, ? What he hath lost, baronial Macbeth hath won? ( 1.2. 67 ) .
Banquo, a soldier for Duncan, is a good friend of Macbeth. Banquo and Macbeth fight in many wars together, back uping each other in conflict. Macbeth does non abandon Banquo in the battlegrounds, nor does Banquo turn his dorsum on Macbeth and exchange sides. They have a strong relationship as warriors and friends.
Shakspere, at the beginning of the drama, carefully portrays Macbeth as a adult male of great stature with the capacity to be good, with? milk of human kindness? ( 1.5. 15 ) . Through Macbeth? s goodness, he is natural and similar to other work forces. Shakespeare depicts Macbeth as linked to humanity, his fellow work forces, and to God. As these connexions to humanity and God are destroyed, Macbeth loses his scruples, his sense of compassion, and his desire to populate.
II. Normalcy becomes evil
As Macbeth loses his tie to humanity and God, he chooses what he perceives to be good, kingship and power. Finally, nevertheless, these lead to corruptness. Macbeth turns his dorsum on a neatly ordered and harmonious existence and Rebels against the order of nature. Through love of ego, Macbeth voluntarily chooses immorality. He finally loses his married woman, his land and, eventually, his life. Macbeth says, ? Jump the life to come? ( 1.7. 7 ) . He is stating that he is no longer satisfied with his life and wants to go forth everything behind and travel on.
Early on in the drama, Macbeth meets the three enchantresss, his first brush with the supernatural. They prophesize that he will go the Thane of Cawdor and so King of Scotland. Macbeth sees his hereafter flowering and becomes dying to carry through his ends. The scene with the enchantresss foreshadows Macbeth? s successes and finally his problems.
Macbeth realizes that he is following in line to replace Duncan as male monarch. Macbeth does non desire to wait until Duncan dies a natural decease ; alternatively he begins to believe of slaying. Greed overcomes Macbeth ; he now considers a class of action that he would non hold taken earlier.
Although Macbeth is believing of slaying, he is non certain he wants to c
arry out such a program. Macbeth provinces, ? We will continue no farther in this concern? ( 1.7. 31 ) He still is controlled by his scruples. Lady Macbeth, nevertheless, urges him to disregard his anterior sense of humanity and travel frontward to perpetrate the offense. Macbeth is losing his clasp on his earlier beliefs and values.
While Macbeth decides to interrupt his bond with morality, Banquo resists the enticement. Harmonizing to Irving Ribner, ? Banquo is ordinary adult male, with his mixture of good and evil, unfastened to evil? s soliciting, but able to defy it. It is in such a adult male, Shakespeare is stating, that the hope for the hereafter lies? ( Ribner 248 ) . Macbeth, by contrast, represents mediaeval society in diminution.
III. Normal actions turn unnatural
Macbeth? s determination to disregard his scruples permits him to perpetrate evil Acts of the Apostless. First, he kills Duncan, so he kills Banquo and eventually he becomes estranged from his married woman. Each action leads to the following. Macbeth becomes more active and less concerned with the effects. Ribner says, ? His voluntary pick of immorality, furthermore, closes the manner of salvation to him, for in denying nature he cuts off the beginning of salvation, and he must stop in entire devastation and desperation? ( Ribner 247 ) . Macbeth loses his bond to God and therefor becomes inhuman.
Macbeth? s foremost evil act is to kill Duncan. Macbeth was loyal to the male monarch for many old ages as he rose through the ranks of the land. He served as Thane of Glamis and fought in Duncan? s ground forces. Macbeth had merely killed on the battleground. While Macbeth agrees to kill Duncan, Lady Macbeth really commits the slaying.
Banquo suspects that Macbeth is behind Duncan? s slaying. When Macbeth learns of Banquo? s intuitions, he hires the Murderers to kill Banquo. Macbeth takes this action despite his friendly relationship and trueness to Banquo. This clip, Macbeth acts on his ain without the encouragement of Lady Macbeth.
Banquo? s slaying symbolizes two things. First, Banquo? represents one facet of Macbeth, the side of ordinary humanity which Macbeth must destruct within himself before he can give his psyche wholly to the forces of darkness? ( Ribner 248 ) . Second, the battle between Macbeth and Banquo symbolizes the conflict between immoralities and good in mediaeval society. Banquo represents the common adult male who is trampled by the corrupt forces of the power construction.
After these two workss are accomplished, Macbeth? s feelings towards Lady Macbeth alteration. Their matrimony began as a partnership. As Macbeth sinks into his corruptness he no longer loves or needs his married woman. Macbeth becomes wholly self-involved and no longer attentions for his married woman? s good being.
IV. Responses to Events go Abnormal
After killing Duncan and Banquo, Macbeth begins to hallucinate. He foremost sees a bloody sticker drifting in forepart of him after the slaying of Duncan. When Banquo is murdered, Macbeth seems to meet Banquo? s shade. Shakespeare leaves it ill-defined whether this shade is existent or merely a figment of Macbeth? s imaginativeness.
These hallucinations are symbolic of Macbeth? s battle with his scruples for control of his psyche. It besides represents the unraveling of Macbeth? s head. Macbeth is losing the ability to appreciate the effects of his actions.
Towards the terminal of the drama, Macbeth hears adult females shrilling because Lady Macbeth has killed herself. Macbeth does non react. This shows that he has lost all sense of humanity. He has become wholly egotistic and has no feeling whatsoever for the loss of his married woman. Macbeth says, ? I have about forgot the gustatory sensation of frights? She should hold died afterlife ; There would hold been clip for such a word? ( 5.5. 9, 16 ) . Macbeth becomes so self-involved that he does non believe that his married woman? s decease should be dealt with right so. He says that they will speak about it tomorrow. This illustration shows that he has become wholly unnatural and inhuman.
Shakespeare? s? Macbeth? teaches how? absolute power corrupts absolutely. ? The drama besides represents mediaeval society? s descent into corruption and immorality. Shakespeare? s normal adult male succumbs to the enticements of power and greed. Normal adult male becomes unnatural. As in the book A Simple Plan, where common people are tempted to obtain wealth illicitly, greediness leads to devastation.