Racial Discrimination And Equal Employment Opportunities Cultural Studies Essay

A local hotel denied employment to black housework appliers, A offered lower wage and hours to black housekeeping staff, terminated black housekeeping staff who complained of the less favourable intervention, and destroyed employment records since at least September 2, 2008, harmonizing to a case filed on September 30, 2010 by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission ( EEOC ) A ( Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 2010 ) .

The EEOC enforces federal Torahs forbiding employment discrimination.A The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission filed a case against an Indianapolis Hampton Inn hotel, avering that the concern discriminated against black housework employees. Harmonizing to the ailment, the general director of the Hampton Inn at 2311 N. Shadeland Ave. , told employees that she wanted Mexican workers alternatively of inkinesss because they would clean better and kick less EEOC claims that the hotel paid black employees less and discharged black housekeepers who complained The suit besides charges that the hotel destroyed employment records traveling back at least two old ages The suit was filed on behalf of discharged employees and appliers who sought employment from September 2008 through June 2009 ( Federals: Hotel Discriminated Against Black Employees, 2010 ) .

The EEOC filed suit ( Case No.A 1:10-cv-1234 ) in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Indiana, Indianapolis Division ) after first trying to make a pre-litigation settlement.A The bureau is seeking back wage, compensatory and punitory amendss against New Indianapolis Hotels Inc. , every bit good as other alleviation, including a lasting injunction to forestall the company from prosecuting in future race favoritism and/or revenge ( Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 2010 ) .

The EEOC said it wants compensatory and punitory amendss, along with back wage for the employees. It besides seeks a lasting injunction to exclude the hotel from perpetuating racial favoritism or revenge, the same patterns the bureau alleged took topographic point. Laurie Young, an lawyer who represents EEOC ‘s Indianapolis office stated that no employer can take employees based on the colour of their tegument, nor can any employer dainty employees otherwise based on the colour of their tegument. This was a instance of race favoritism by the Shadeland Avenue Hampton Inn installation ( Federals: Hotel Discriminated Against Black Employees, 2010 ) .

The EEOC filed the suit claiming racial favoritism on behalf of five discharged employees of the Hampton Inn, 2311 N. Shadeland Ave. , plus a group of black appliers who sought occupations at the hotel. The suit besides claims the hotel direction destroyed employment records sought by the bureau traveling back about two old ages. Incidents in the suit allegedly occurred from September 2008 to June 2009. The suit seeks back wage and reinstatement for the discharged employees, and it seeks unspecified compensation for other inkinesss denied employment on the footing of their race.

Nancy Edmonds, senior test lawyer for the EEOC, said the director no longer works at the hotel. Though employment records have been destroyed, the EEOC estimated approximately 30 to 35 appliers sought work at the hotel and may hold been denied work based on their race ( Lollis, 2010 ) .


Stereotypes arise when we assume that all members of a civilization or a group have the same features. Stereotype can be attached to anything like race, faith, ethnicity, age, or gender every bit good as national civilization. If the features are respected so it is positive stereotype while if the features are disrespected so it is negative stereotype. Both types create job in inter cultural communicating. One of them is that it gives people a false sense of apprehension. Since stereotypes are merely partial correct. Besides stereotypes allow persons to see others in a colored manner that merely corroborate our bias ( Bennett, 1998, p. 6 ) .

Harmonizing to LaRay Barna stereotypes aid cut down the menace of unknown by doing the universe predictable. Stereotypes are over generalised secondhand beliefs that provide conceptual bases from which one makes sense of what is traveling about. Stereotypes are faltering blocks for communicators because they interfere with nonsubjective screening of stimulations. They exist as they firmly set up myths or truism by one ‘s ain national civilization and sometimes apologize bias ( Barna, 1998, p. 183 ) . In the Hampton Inn instance black workers were being stereotyped as ever kicking and non working expeditiously, the negative stereotype created job in inter cultural communicating.

Harmonizing to Thomas Kochman, in black and white cultural manners in pluralistic position, black civilization stylistic ego look is an single entitlement. This cultural form frequently gets them in problem in white mainstream organisation. Whites interpret such individualistic ego look as a given: laying claim to a greater rank or rubric in the organisation than the black individual really holds. Blacks believe: state me what to make, but non how to make it. The concluding authorization for execution of undertaking remainders with the actor. Whereas white people see that the authorization lies in the manus of the interior decorator of the program. The difference gets Blacks in problem in organisations because they get accused of claiming themselves the authorization to which their rank or function in the organisation does non entitle them or of being insubordinate or uncooperative even when they do the undertaking otherwise in the involvement of acquiring the occupation done, when making it in the manner it was expected to would hold non worked ( Kochman, 1998, pp. 139-140 ) . It can be observed in the Hampton Inn instance that the director, who was white, did non desire to engage black appliers as the director believed that black employees complained more and did non work decently. It can be assumed from the account given by Thomas Kotchman that the black employees following their individualistic manner of entitlement really believed that they need to be told what to make and non how to make it. But this was misinterpreted by the director as puting claim to a greater rank or rubric in the organisation than the black employees held. The black employees believed that the concluding authorization for execution of undertaking remainders with the actor while the white director believed that the authorization lies in the manus of the designer of the program.

White persons and Blacks have different attitude towards work outing dissensions. If dissensions at a meeting were to bring forth heat and strong emotion, Whites would prefer non to speak so but subsequently when the individual is in control of emotion. But Blacks would prefer to postulate. White persons prefer bar of possible harm to the harmoniousness of societal relationships as taking precedency over look of their single positions ( Kochman, 1998, p. 147 ) . Blacks prefer showing their personal positions over prolonging surface harmoniousness that may non hold existent foundation which they saw as lip service. Etiquette system in the two civilizations is besides different. Within white civilization societal rights of receiving system deserve greater consideration than the rights of the assertor. Low offense/low defence form of public societal interaction. Protecting the esthesias and others requires mainstreamers to chair the strength degree of their ego averment to the degree that others can comfortably pull off. Black cultures generate high offense/high defence form of public societal interaction. This civilization grants assertor equal or greater rights than the receiving system. Psychological effect of different sociocultural orientations is that Whites feel hurt more to by hearing something unfavourable than showing their feeling. For Blacks it hurts them more non to show their feeling than to hear something unfavourable. Attitudes of inkinesss and Whites towards battle are that inkinesss put truth before peace whereas Whites put peace before truth ( Kochman, 1998, pp. 148-149 ) .

Blacks think that White treatment manner is oblique and non sincere. This word picture stems Whites often non owing the place they represent. White persons characterize Black manner as argumentative. This characteristic stems from the personal attack that Blacks usage when prosecuting in an statement. Blacks do non merely debate the thought they besides debate the individual debating the thought. Thus the thought is merely every bit good as your personal ability to reason it. Whites besides qualify the Black statement as endangering when meetings get emotionally charged ( Kochman, 1998, pp. 153-154 ) .

The most frequent hearing response in black hearers is verbal. This is non seen frequently with white. Authority is frequently acceded to among Whites more rapidly that inkinesss. Blacks reject advice as misguided tampering because the individual is non in the same occupation. Black professionals and non professionals complain about this frequently ( Asante, Gudykunst, & A ; Newmark, 1989 ) . In the Hampton Inn instance this can be observed between the white director and black employees. The white director might hold thought of proposing certain ways of making the occupation which the black employees might hold non liked as they would hold believed that the director is non in their line of work and hence would non cognize how to put to death the occupation expeditiously.

The definition of subjective civilization besides provides a base for specifying diverseness in a manner that includes both international and domestic civilizations at different degrees of abstraction. National groups like Nipponese, US America and pan-national cultural groups like Arab and Zuli are civilizations with high degrees of abstraction ; the qualities that adhere to most ( non all ) members of the civilization are largely general and the groups has a batch of diverseness. Here one can merely observe general differences in form of thought and behaviour between civilizations. For illustration, US American civilization is individualist and Nipponese is more collectivized. At lower degree of abstraction specific groups can be described in cultural footings. In USA groups like African American, Asiatic American, Hispanic/Latino America, and European American can be named in cultural footings. Peoples in these groups might portion many of the broader national civilization features while differing significantly in the more specific form of their ain ethnicity ( Bennett, 1998, p. 4 ) .

In the Hampton Inn instance the white director preferred Hispanic/Latin American to Black or African American. Latino Americans have cultural features common to their ethnicity like the Black American even though both are in America. Assuming one cultural group is better in work than the other shows that the director differentiated workers based on their cultural ethnicity. In lower degree of abstraction the two civilizations might hold shared a broader national civilization features of America but at lower degree of abstraction the groups own cultural characteristic differentiate them.

Cultures besides differ well in their usage of gestural behaviours. Although facial looks of choler, disdain, disgust, fright, felicity, unhappiness, and surprise have a cosmopolitan beginning, civilizations differ in the regulations that govern how these looks are used. Cultural show regulations are regulations of look direction that dictate the rightness of emotion show depending on societal fortunes ( Ekman and Friesen, 1969 ) . In the Hampton Inn instance the manner Black employees would show themselves non verbally would differ to how Latino employees would show. Since both are from different civilizations their show of look would be influenced by what they believe to be appropriate in a societal circumstance.

Harmonizing to Thomas Kochman, paralinguistic communication, which besides includes the pitch, emphasis, volume, and velocity with which linguistic communication is spoken, lends itself readily to misinterpretation cross-culturally. The possible for misconstruing Begins with perceptual experience. U.S. Americans are likely to lose shadings of tone which in higher context civilizations would shout with significance. Within the United States, European American males are less likely than some African American males to comprehend the usage of motion to signal a displacement from speaking to contending. And conversely, black males may neglect to know apart the contending cue of “ strength ” in the tone of white male talk. This type of misconstruing in transverse cultural communicating can be assumed in the Hampton Inn instance where the director was a white and employees targeted were black ( Kochman, 1998, p. 18 ) .

Harmonizing to Sheila Ramsey, European and African Americans tend to be instead direct in their manner of confrontation, compared with the indirectness of many Asians and Hispanics. Supporters of the direct manner favour face-to-face treatment of jobs, comparatively unfastened look of feeling, and a willingness to state yes or no in reply to inquiries. Peoples socialized in the more indirect manner tend to seek third-person mediators for carry oning hard treatments, suggest instead than province feelings, and protect their ain and others “ face ” by supplying the visual aspect of ambiguity in response to inquiries ( Ramsey, 1988 ) . In the Hampton Inn instance it can be assumed that the white director who was following the direct manner of pass oning preferred to pass on with the Latino employees who might hold followed the indirect manner of pass oning in comparing to the black employees who would hold preferred to pass on straight. Therefore the premise made by the white director of that Latino employees were less kicking would be wrong as Hispanics would prefer to non travel and speak straight id there was a job as compared to black employees who would prefer to talk straight and decide the issue.

White American employers/employees believe that oculus contact is of import and it shows that a individual is trusty, masculine, sincere, and direct, when white employer sees black employee who does non keep oculus contact, the employer might believe that the individual is devious and can non be trusted. But this might non be the same for black civilization. For a black individual the white individual who does keep oculus contact is making it in order to set something on person ( Martin & A ; Nakayama, 1997 ) .This type of misinterpretation could be one of grounds for miscommunication between the black employees and white director. The director at Hampton Inn might hold preferred to keep oculus contact while talking with employees while the black employees would hold non liked it. To demo their disfavor they would hold spoken straight or might hold communicated in a mode that was non acceptable to the director.


Training in alternate cross-status communicating manners could so assist members of both civilizations appreciate and cover more efficaciously with each other in the workplace. One should ever presume that there is a major possibility that cultural differences are doing communicating jobs, and be willing to be patient and forgiving, instead than hostile and aggressive, if jobs develop. One should react easy and carefully in cross-cultural exchanges, non leaping to the decision. In unpleasant state of affairss one needs to retreat from the state of affairs, step back, and reflect on what is traveling on before moving. Often mediators who are familiar with both civilizations can be helpful in cross-cultural communicating state of affairss. One can promote feedback as feedback allows communicators to rectify and adjust messages. Without feedback we can non hold understanding. Peoples can besides develop empathy. The greater the difference between civilizations, the harder it is to sympathize. By going more sensitive to the demands, values, and ends of the other individual, we overcome miscommunication. We can besides seek to Seek the commonalties among diverse civilizations. Despite cultural differences all civilizations likewise in many ways. A common land can set up a bond between two different civilizations.