Telecommunications 2 Essay

Telecommunications & A ; Networking Report Essay, Research Paper

1. 23-Sep-99: ? Free Web Services

Challenge AOL? s Dominance? & # 8211 ; Internet concern analysts by and large are non

yet convinced of the viability of the free web service concern theoretical account for

conveying profitable. None-the-less, most agree that the free entree

will likely take a important ball of AOL? s market portion before running

out of investor? s money.

2. 23-Sep-99: ? Visitalk.com Builds

White Pages for Web Phone Calls? & # 8211 ; Visitalk.com has unveiled programs to simplify

the routing of phone calls over the Internet. They will supply a

directory service which will supply endorsers with a alone 12 figure

Internet phone figure. The directory will capture user? s current

IP reference and update their database, functioning as a patchboard for Internet

phone calls which are routed over IP. This solves a major job

with the fact that IP addresses alteration for users as they move from computing machine

to computing machine.

3. 23-Sep-99: ? Cisco to But Software

Maker for $ 325 Million? ? Cisco Systems agreed to get WebLine Communications,

a package shaper bring forthing e-mail routing and collaborating package.

WebLine is to be assimilated into Cisco? s Applications Technology Group.

This was Cisco? s 12th acquisition this twelvemonth.

4. 24-Sep-99: ? Firm Agrees to Buy

Cable-Modem Technology? ? Intel agreed to buy the overseas telegram modem engineering

of Stanford Telecommunications, Inc. The trade puts Intel face to

face in the market place with Broadcom Corp. , which presently holds the

bulk market portion for overseas telegram modem french friess.

5. 24-Sep-99: ? Qualcomm Pact Targets

Wireless Network Products? ? Lucent Technologies signed a development understanding

with Qualcomm to merchandise radio networking equipment. Qualcomm

will give its CDMA engineering, including french friess and package to Lucent.

Aglow programs to hold test systems using the engineering in topographic point following

twelvemonth.

6. 24-Sep-99: ? MCI Worldcom, Sprint

Ponder Merger? ? The universe? s 2nd and 3rd largest long-distance bearers

are in negotiations are in negotiations over a possible amalgamation. The trade would

give MCI it? s merely countrywide radio web. An obvious stumbling

block over such a big telcom amalgamation would be close examination by regulators.

It is besides expected that regional Bell companies may shortly hold permission

to vie in the long distance market every bit good.

7. 24-Sep-99: ? Earthlink and MindSpring

to Merge, Forming No. 2 Internet Access Firm? ? This trade makes the new

Internet Provider second merely to AOL. The combined company will hold

3 million endorsers, still a far call from AOL? s 18 million, but none-the-less

a feasible rival.

8. 27-Sep-99: ? Teledesic? Sky Internet?

May Start Sooner? ? Teledesic main Craig McCaw is trying to raise

financess for his planned? Sky Internet. ? However, McCaw has besides been

researching partnerships with other wireless suppliers including Motorola,

Spaceway, and Hughes electronics, to implement a smaller graduated table version

of their planned system to turn out viability.

9. 27-Sep-99: ? Microsoft Corp. Agrees

to Invest In Net Start-Up? ? Microsoft agreed to put $ 15 million in

Akamai Technologies Inc. Akamai provides services which focus on

rushing the downloading of web pages. As portion of this understanding,

Akamai will develop a version of it? s package to run on Windows NT, as

opposed to it? s current Unix based versions.

10. 28-Sep-99: ? Maker of Voice Software

for the Web Is Acquired? ? Mpath Interactive Inc. acquired Resounding Technology

to beef up its place as a supplier of Internet voice package.

Resounding Technologies? Roger Wilco package had been really successful

in supplying Internet voice confab.

11. 4-Oct-99: ? BellSouth Makes Bid

to Get Sprint? ? BellSouth made a command to buy radio supplier

Dash as Sprint & A ; WorldCom came closer to shuting their trade.

Spring is expected to travel with the WorldCom offer, even though the BellSouth

offer if more moneymaking. Regardless, either acquisition would

face regulative issues.

12. 4-Oct-99: ? Paul Allen is Investing

$ 1.65 Billion In Telecommunications Firm RCN Corp. ? ? RCN is be aftering to

utilize the investing to rush development of its high-velocity fibre ocular web.

RCN is one of several companies known as competitory local exchange bearers

( CLEC? s ) seeking to take a portion of the local telephone concern.

13. 5-Oct-99: ? Large Landlords Are

Joining Telecom Fray? ? Eight of the largest office infinite landlords are

fall ining venture capitalist Kleiner Perkins Caufield & A ; Bryers to organize

a new company, Broadband Office. The company is to supply high velocity

Internet entree to it renters.

14. 6-Oct-99: ? Novell Plans to Make

Repository for Information on Internet Users? ? Novell brought online its

new service called Digitalme, aimed at supplying a personal information depository.

This was a move to vie with Microsoft? s late unveiled Passport

service. This was Novell? s first venture into Internet based services,

as the company is known for web direction package.

15. 7-Oct-99: ? AT & A ; T? s Top Cable

Executive Resigns Amid Internet-Access Fracas? ? After doing public statements

denying that AT & A ; T had been in secret negotiations with AOL, Leo Hindery resigned

as AT & A ; T? s top overseas telegram & A ; Internet executive. This was in response

to the fact that AT & A ; T had, in fact, been speaking in private with AOL,

and had non told Hindery.

16. 11-Oct-99: ? That? s a WAP ; How

the Cell Phone and Web Contracted an Arranged Marriage? ? A new engineering

known as Wireless Application Protocol ( WAP ) is distributing fast. The

engineering allows web based constituents to be brought to cell phones.

Motorola estimates that half of the estimated 200 million cell phones manufactured

following twelvemonth will be shipped with WAP enabled browsers.

17. 11-Oct-99: ? Global Crossing Strikes

Deal With Racal? ? Global Crossing added another company to its portfolio

to beef up its international undersea & A ; land-based webs to manage

turning Internet traffic. This is an indicant that Europe will

be the site of the following major telephone company competitions, as acquisition gives Global

Traversing an extra 7,300 kilometres of fiberoptic webs in Europe.

18. 12-Oct-99: ? AT & A ; T, BT to Accelerate

Expansion of Global Venture? ? AT & A ; T & A ; British Telecom? s joint venture,

Concert, has announced programs to spread out its frame relay service by 50-60 %

by early following twelvemonth. This venture is structured otherwise than antecedently

failed joint telecom ventures. Concert will have about all the shift

and networking hardware, as opposed to trusting on confederations for pull offing

client service.

19. 12-Oct-99: ? Norfolk Southern

Forms Unit to Aid Telecom Ventures? ? Norfolk Southern Corp. announced

it has formed a unit to develop fiberoptic and microwave systems.

The company said it will market it? s 21,600 stat mis of right-of ways for

usage by telecom companies. This would alleviate the telecom developers

of the high cost of easements required for web development.

20. 12-Oct-99: ? Five Firms Seek to

Develop Security Standard for Personal computer? s? ? Compaq, Hewlett-Packard, IBM, Intel

& A ; Microsoft have announced programs to organize a group to standardise security

for Personal computer? s. The new group will be called Trusted Computed Platform

Alliance, and will encompass input from other companies. They plan

to hold a proposal for a security specification by late 2000 to be licensed

openly.

21. 18-Oct-99: ? Draging Bill Payers

Onto the Internet Envelope by Envelope? ? Paytrust, an Internet startup,

is seeking to transform the manner consumers pay measures. The Yankee Group,

a engineering consumer group estimates that 4.5 % of families paid measures

online last twelvemonth.

22. 18-Oct-99: ? In a Race to the

Web, Phone Upstarts Grab Turf? ? Covad Communications Group has announced

programs to supply local telephone service in add-on to DSL service.

The regional bells now dwarf new entrants into the local phone service

market by 80 % .

23. 19-Oct-99: ? Nortel Networks to

Acquire Clarify in $ 2.1 Billion Stock Transaction? ? Nortel Networks, seeking

to spread out its client direction concern bought package brand Clarify.

Nortel, who chiefly provides equipment & A ; package for webs, says

the move was designed to let concerns to increase individualized minutess

on the Internet.

24. 21-Oct-99: ? Double Trouble: AT & A ; T

Corp. Might Want to Think About Puting Its Fight With ISP? s? ? George

W. Bush stated that if he is elected, he would press AT & A ; T to open its

overseas telegram workss openly. Bush? s stated pick for his Secretary of State,

Colin Powell, is on AOL? s board, and a close friend of AOL? s head Steve

Case.

25. 21-Oct-99: ? Intuit to Integrate

Web Links Into Small Business Software? ? Intuit said it will be paid fees

by web sites supplying business-to-business services to be included in

its QuickBooks merchandise. This move was to consolidate little concern

services as portion of it? s offering. Intuit presently dominates the

market for small-business fiscal package.

26. 21-Oct-99: ? IBeam? s Desnoes is

Beting on Use of Satellites To Transmit Audio and Video Over the Internet?

? IBeam is constructing a $ 250 million web that bundles media traffic & A ;

provenders it to a orbiter nexus to ISP? s. This method allows faster

population of ISP waiters when a high demand event such as a concert or

interrupting intelligence narrative. It will let IBeam to cut the monetary values charged

to media companies by half and bettering the quality of audio & A ; picture

delivered over the Internet.

27. 25-Oct-99: ? AT & A ; T? s Plans

for Cable Deals Suffer Reverses? ? Since AT & A ; T announced dialogues

with Time-Warner, plans for trades with other major overseas telegram participants have slowed,

as the other companies wait to see the footings of the Time-Warner trade.

AT & A ; T is wagering that it will one time once more supply local phone service

along with high-velocity Internet entree. AT & A ; T has besides already

began negotiations with AOL & A ; Mindspring for supplying Internet content.

28. 25-Oct-99: ? Europe is Following Frontier

for U.S. Telecom Deals? ? As the major participants become consolidated in the

U.S. , the following telecom trades are likely to be in the European sphere in

the signifier of major acquisitions. Major telecom participants want to be

able to supply? one-stop shopping? for their major corporate clients

and their planetary telecommunications demands. Major marks in Europe

include Mannesmann AG, and Deutsche Telekom.

29. 27-Oct-99: ? Nortel Tops Prognosiss

as Net Rises 61 % , Raises Revenue Expectations for 2000? ? Fueled by gross revenues

to telephone and Internet service suppliers, Nortel Networks Corp. topped

analysts estimations, with a 61 % addition in net incomes over last one-fourth.

Nortel said it growing of fiberoptic webs was peculiarly strong.

30. 27-Oct-99: ? Microsoft Says Its

Windows 2000 System Won? T Reach Customers Until Following Year? ? Microsoft

officially announced the release day of the month for it? s high terminal concern calculating

environment, Windows 2000, has slipped to Feb. 17, 2000. Windows

2000 is intended to vie tete-a-tete with big Unix based Internet

waiters. Microsoft? s rivals, most notably Sun Microsystems,

says Windows 2000 won? t come near to the capablenesss of Unix.

31. 1-Nov-99: ? McCaw to Invest As

Much As $ 1.2 Billion To Get ICO Global Out of Bankruptcy? ? Cellular phone

baron Craig McCaw will put every bit much as $ 1.2 billion in ICO Global Communications

Ltd. to deliver the orbiter phone system vendor out of bankruptcy.

This is one of several recent investings in orbiter based webs by

McCaw. The company hopes to emerge from bankruptcy and get down supplying

phone service by mid 2001.

32. 1-Nov-99: ? Nextel Eager to Buy

NextWave Spectrum? ? Nextel has announced that it will pay $ 6 billion for

wireless spectrum that was bought by auction from the authorities in 1996 for

$ 4.7 billion by NextWave Personal Communications. The trade is at

a stand-still, though, as NextWave is presently in Chapter 11 bankruptcy

proceedings. Furthermore, the sale would necessitate the FCC to govern

on several related regulative issues.

33. 1-Nov-99: ? AT & A ; T Is Blocked

In Plan to Raise Monthly Fee 50 % ? ? The FCC temporarily halted AT & A ; T? s

program to raise its monthly fee charged to residential consumers by 50 % ,

as it investigates the bearer? s pricing policies. Sprint raised

its fees late by 18 % , while MCI stated it plans to maintain its rate invariable.

34. 1-Nov-99: ? Tellabs Inc. Buys

Software Assets? ? Tellabs agreed to pay $ 35 million for some particular

proprietary digital signal processing package from DSP Software Engineering,

Inc. Tellabs, a shaper of telecommunications hardware, plans to incorporate

the package into its following coevals exchanging system.

35. 4-Nov-99: ? Simon to Sell Net

Servicess to Associate Mall Tenants? ? Simon Property Group, the largest proprietor

of shopping promenades in the U.S. announced programs to supply high velocity Internet

entree to its promenade renters. This is the 2nd such move by promenade

landlords to supply telecom services. The company has created a

subordinate called TennantConnect.Net.

36. 8-Nov-99: ? Web Access Via Cell

Telephones Is Expected To Be Introduced? ? Bell Atlantic Corp. announced programs

to present web entree for cell phones and other radio devices.

Users will necessitate a particular radio phone which starts at $ 120. Bell

Atlantic? s move was in the aftermath of similar recent proclamations by Dash

& A ; Vodafone Airtouch PLC.

37. 9-Nov-99: ? Arch Sets Stock Deal

for Larger PageNet As Firms Seek to Turn Page on Debt Woes? ? Arch Communications

Group, the 2nd largest paging service, agreed to buy PageNet.

The paging industry has faced problems recently from wireless telephone participants,

which can easy supply paging services in add-on to telephony services.

38. 11-Nov-99: ? Information Appliances

to Nudge PC? s at Comdex Show? ? Information contraption shapers including

Motorola, Cidco & A ; Boundless will be presenting legion information

contraptions at the Comdex show. Boundless will be showing a tablet

device with the exclusive intent is accessing the Internet & A ; e-mail.

Motorola will be unveiling a beeper with Internet & A ; e-mail entree, while

Cidco offers a device for managing e-mails merely at a really low cost of $ 99.

39. 11-Nov-99: ? RCN Investment Casts

Paul Allen As Industry Turncoat? ? Paul Allen late invested in? RCN

Corp. , a company which specializes in constructing viing overseas telegram and communications

webs. RCN enraged Cablevision by teaming up with a local electric

public-service corporation to avoid the disbursal of building a viing overseas telegram web.

Allen presently owns bets in overseas telegram, Internet and phone service suppliers,

poising hello

mself as a communications Tycoon.

40. 11-Nov-99: ? Telecom Start-Up

Sees Gold in Copper Lines? ? Advanced Switching Communications ( ASC ) programs

to construct a low-priced merchandise to tackle the bing substructure of Cu

lines in supplying a individual set of equipment to associate to entree engineerings.

ASC has developed a box which will change over informations from DSL, T-1 and traditional

distorted brace wires and travel it onto the Internet. The merchandise is

to the full scalable as extra bandwidth is needed, adding to its possible

as a feasible option for consumer informations entree.

41. 16-Nov-99: ? Sony and 3Com to

Jointly Develop New Palm Products? ? Sony & A ; 3Com struck a trade where

Sony will be able to utilize Palm? s runing system, while Palm will utilize Sony? s

flash-memory engineering. The move represents a move by Sony to take

a interest in the quickly spread outing information contraption industry, which

connect to the Internet more easy than a Personal computer. Sony has already introduced

two merchandises for downloading music & A ; picture from the Internet and play

on a personal device, within the licensing and copyright Torahs of the industry.

42. 16-Nov-99: ? AT & A ; T Corp. ? ?

AT & A ; T is spread outing its radio service to Los Angeles, make fulling a big

spread in its coverage. Along with this move, AT & A ; T launched PocketNet,

a wireless-data service which provides web services to cell phones.

Besides, AT & A ; T launched a separate understanding with OmniSky to offer countrywide

Internet & A ; e-mail services to 3Com? s Pilot handheld device.

43. 17-Nov-99: ? Comcast To Buy Cable-TV

Firm Lenfest? ? After Comcast was outbid for MediaOne by AT & A ; T, AT & A ; T,

aimed at doing peace with Comcast, agreed to sell Lenfest. The move

will firmly set up Comcast as the 3rd overseas telegram Television operator.

44. 18-Nov-99: ? The Search Continues

for a Single Wireless Standard? ? There are presently a six criterions

in topographic point for wireless service from Global System for Mobile Communications

to Time Division Multiple Access. Right now the force seems to be

a convergence between GSM & A ; TDMA, making a dominant criterion.

None-the-less, giants like Sprint & A ; Bell Atlantic favour Code Division

Multiple Access.

45. 19-Nov-99: ? Privacy Concerns

Rise As Plans for Tracking Cell Phone Users Unfold? ? The FCC has mandated

that all wireless suppliers be able to nail the location of a radio

911 call within 100 pess by October 2001. Besides, late the bureau

mandated that radio suppliers be able to supply the beginning and stoping

location of a phone call to jurisprudence enforcement functionaries.

46. 22-Nov-99: ? Deal Would Give Vodafone

a Leg Up in A Heated Race? ? Vodafone announced a command for Mannesmann AG,

in an effort to construct the first pan-European radio web. This

would be a major benefit for Vodafone in being able to offer level rate

program over the full European coverage country.

47. 22-Nov-99: ? Cabletron to Sell

Unit of measurement for Stock of $ 860 Million? ? In an attempt to recover focal point on high-end

networking hardware, Cabletron has agreed to sell an Internet equipment

concern to Efficient Networks. Cabletron is casting non-core concerns

in an effort to do itself a feasible coup d’etat mark. Efficient

Networks, which makes DSL modems, bought FlowPoint, which makes DSL routers.

48. 22-Nov-99: ? AT & A ; T Expects

Delaies In Closing MediaOne Deal? ? AT & A ; T and MediaOne most probably will

non finalise their proposed trade until the 2nd one-fourth of 2000.

The hold is mostly due to a drawn-out regulative reappraisal by the Department

of Justice. The trade, which is none-the-less expected to travel through,

will do AT & A ; T into the states? largest overseas telegram Television service supplier.

49. 23-Nov-99: ? Nextel Sets a Deal

to Buy Telephones from Kyocera? ? In a move taging the first clip Nextel has

bought phones from a 3rd party other than Motorola, Kyocera has agreed

to supply the following coevals of phones for Nextel. Kyocera has

been a leader in radio engineering, and late unveiled a phone designed

to have streaming picture.

50. 26-Nov-99: ? Court Overturns Ruling

on NextWave, Spelling Good News for FCC? s Evaluation? ? An entreaties tribunal

overturned a bankruptcy opinion that valued NextWave Personal Communications

at $ 1.02 billion, less than a one-fourth the monetary value it had bid. The opinion

marked a triumph for the FCC which is trusting to repossess one million millions of dollars

for spectrum licences. The move besides spelled good intelligence for Nextel,

which is trusting to purchase the troubled NextWave for $ 6 billion.

The Future of Telecommuters

The Future of Telecommuters

As the our planetary web known as the

Internet increases its size and velocity, the hereafter of telecommuting becomes

more and more promising. By and large talking, telecommuting is defined

as disbursement at least one twenty-four hours out of a five twenty-four hours work hebdomad working in one? s

place. In a turning figure of companies, traditional office infinite

is giving manner to place offices, populating suites and even kitchens as employees

work from place, from their autos or virtually anyplace. Until late,

engineering was the chief barrier to telecommuting. Now the biggest hurdlings

are cultural, organisational and managerial. Those organisations that have

introduced good designed and supported home-working strategies have benefited

from lower costs, higher productiveness, greater flexibleness and a more motivated

work force.

Both companies and employees are detecting

the benefits of practical workspaces. Businesss that successfully incorporate

them will be able to significantly cut their operating expense costs. It would be

much less to hold a few people replying phones at place at 3 O & # 8217 ; clock in

the forenoon than running a skeleton crew in a heated/air-conditioned, lighted,

and such office edifice. The employer can offer teleworking as

an option for prospective employees to better enlisting. As an

added fillip, companies heighten their public image as environmentally witting

by salvaging some ozone by restricting traffic and commuters. They? rhenium besides

happening that by being flexible, they? re more antiphonal to clients, while

retaining cardinal forces whom otherwise might be lost to a partner? s transportation

or a new kid. Left to by and large work on their ain footings, employees most

frequently are happier, every bit good as more originative and productive.

How are employees probably to profit? That

depends largely to which peculiar employee we are mentioning. Telecommuting

allows person with a physical disability that could non really transpose

to the workplace to still work as a valuable employee. It would let

person who has little kids and feels a great demand to be place for them

to still work and hold a calling. The distance an employee must go day-to-day

to work is a factor that can bring on great sums of defeat and disbursal

in one? s life. Telecommuting can relieve this emphasis. And, employees

who successfully embrace the construct are better able to pull off their work

and personal lives. Leting greater freedom and bestowing greater duty

can heighten occupation satisfaction. However, employees should be cognizant of some

of the booby traps of telecommuting every bit good as the benefits. It is estimated

that telecommuters earn less overall so office workers.

Directors frequently fear that employees will

non acquire adequate work done if they can? t see them. Most veterans of the practical

office, nevertheless, maintain that the exact opposite is true. All excessively frequently,

employees wind up fielding phone calls in the eventide or stacking an excess

hr or two on top of an eight-hour twenty-four hours. Not surprisingly, that can make

an array of jobs, including burnout, mistakes and matrimonial struggle.

Another possible job with which practical employees must cover is managing

all the distractions that can happen at place. As a consequence, many houses will

provide workers with specific guidelines for managing work at place. The

bulk of workers will set and go extremely productive in an option

office environment. The most of import thing for a company to make is to

give suggestions that will assist workers accommodate.

This new work environment is designed around

the construct that one? s best believing International Relations and Security Network? t needfully done at a desk or

in an office. Sometimes, it? s done in a conference room with several people.

Other times it? s done on a ski incline or driving to a client? s office. The

thought is to extinguish the boundaries about where people are supposed to

think, to make an environment that is exciting and rich in resources.

Employees decide on their ain where they will work each twenty-four hours, and are judged

on work produced instead than on hours put in at the office. Because workers

aren? T in the same topographic point every twenty-four hours, they may be exposed to a wider scope

of people and state of affairss. And that can open their eyes and heads to new

thoughts and constructs.

Technology is evidently the drive force

behind the displacement to telecommuting. Technology can be comparatively straightforward

– a good Personal computer with accredited office package and a modem or DSL connexion

to the cardinal systems. These must in bend be designed to enable remote

working & # 8211 ; for illustration database applications should utilize client-server techniques

to minimise workstation bandwidth demands. For many home-workers a

combination of electronic mail, file-transfer and intranet/internet entree is sufficient.

Some Internet service suppliers are offering secure gateway services into

corporate systems, an advantage being national and international entree

for the monetary value of a local call

A wide scope of information and communications

engineerings is get downing to enable better organisational effectivity,

efficiency and client service:

& A ; # 61623 ; High velocity computing machine and phone

system networking allows staff to utilize any standard desktop, independently

of location & # 8211 ; chief office, other office, place or on-the-move

& A ; # 61623 ; Intranets ( high velocity internal

cyberspaces ) are easy to implement and keep and can offer simple, standard

interfaces to most corporate applications including bequest mainframe and

client-server systems

& A ; # 61623 ; Integrated desktop applications,

such as Microsoft Office, can streamline and automatize a broad assortment of

office undertakings with minimum scheduling attempt

& A ; # 61623 ; With computer-telephony integrating

( CTI ) the IT and phone systems ( fixed and portable ) can work in harmoniousness

to present advanced messaging and call-center solutions

& A ; # 61623 ; The Internet is already widely

used in the engineering sector for client service and support & # 8211 ; usage will

extend to other sectors as webs improve and consumer and concern use

grows, particularly with the coming of Internet-enabled telecastings

& A ; # 61623 ; Document image processing

( DIP ) and optical character acknowledgment ( OCR ) support the riddance of

paper and streamline associated procedures, for illustration by scanning incoming

mail and other paperss.

Companies maintain links with the Mobile

work force in a assortment of ways. Employees entree their E-mail and voice mail

daily ; of import messages and policy updates are broadcast on a regular basis into

the letter boxs of 1000s of workers. When the demand for teleconferencing

arises, it can set 100s of employees on the line at the same time. Typically,

the organisation? s nomadic workers link from autos, place offices, hotels,

even aeroplanes. Virtual workers are merely a phone call off. Surely,

telephone has become, and will go on to be a powerful driver in the

virtual-office roar. Satellites and hi-tech telephone systems, such as

DSL lines, let companies to whizz informations from one location to another at

light velocity. Organizations will associate to their work force and hold practical

meetings utilizing tools such as video-conferencing.

The tendency is being bolstered by turning

corporate credence of the workstyle and a acknowledgment by employers that

it is reciprocally good for them and their employees. The strong

economic system coupled with high employment rates has created a positive environment

for alternate workstyles and has prompted employers to utilize the teleworking

option to entice extremely sought-after, skilled employees.

Joanne Pratt, president of Joanne H. Pratt

Associates cited three factors that are driving the growing of teleworking:

& A ; # 61623 ; Internet growing

The Internet has created a demand for

Personal computers and provided an inducement to put up a place office.

& A ; # 61623 ; Technology has reached a

critical mass

Cell phones, notebook computing machines and other

engineerings have resulted in the work force that is equipped to work anyplace.

& A ; # 61623 ; Work/life balance

Employees are paying attending to work/life

picks and even conditioning their credence of new occupations on pre-approval

to telecommuting.

In its first major survey of telecommuting

in two old ages, FIND/SVP reports 11 million Americans now telecommute to

the office. That & # 8217 ; s a 30 % leap from two old ages ago and a 175 % spring from 1990.

FIND/SVP expects U.S. teleworking to swell another 3 million by the twelvemonth

2001. Another research company, The Yankee Group, agrees the teleworking

work force is turning at a alert cartridge holder ( 18 % per twelvemonth ) . The American Management

Association forecasts a 171 % growing in telecommuting over the following five

old ages. The rapid engineering acceptance was besides noticed by the FIND/SVP study,

which discovered that an estimated 31 per centum of telecommuters use the

Internet, more than double the mean rate for place users, and 75 per centum

of telecommuters use personal computing machines.

Looking in front, it & # 8217 ; s merely a simple affair

of mathematics. Computer and networking equipment is acquiring better and

cheaper. Office infinite is acquiring more expensive. Highway traffic is going

more engorged. It & # 8217 ; s merely a affair of clip until place workers become as

legion as office workers. Finally, this will intend that IT sections

hold to go as expert at back uping these distant workers as they are

at back uping LAN-based users in company offices. Keeping a fleet of temperamental

laptop computing machines up and running is portion of the concern. Keeping the connexion

to the Internet up 24-by-7 will besides loom big, as will volume purchases

of personal facsimile machines and pressmans.

Society is on the frontier of a cardinal

alteration in the manner the workplace is viewed and how work is handled. In the

hereafter, it will go progressively hard for traditional companies

to vie against those encompassing the practical office. Clearly, many considerations

must factor into a determination by a company to implement a telecommuting plan.

However, companies that embrace the construct are directing out a loud message.

They? re doing it clear that they? rhenium interested in their employees? public assistance,

that they? re seeking a competitory border, and that they aren? T afraid to

rethink their work force for altering conditions. Those are the ingredients

for future success.