And Death Of Socrates Essay, Research Paper
In & # 8221 ; The Trails and Death of Socrates & # 8221 ; we discover Socrates alone attack to doctrine. His method involves oppugning people & # 8217 ; s theories and doing them believe in order to detect the right replies. Socrates & # 8217 ; ends were to accomplish more cognition and at the same clip influence other people. I plan to place and measure Socrates pattern of doctrine, along with his beliefs and ends.
Socrates lived in Athens during the Periclean Age until his decease in 399 B.C. He was a good known philosopher who would show his cognition to anyone who cared to listen. Socrates was a clever and intelligent adult male, while at the same clip really modest. He was true and spoke non in fancy phrases, but in random words that came to his head. During the clip in which & # 8220 ; The Trial and Death of Socrates & # 8221 ; took topographic point, Socrates was 70 old ages old.
Socrates lived in a clip when people did non truly question things. Socrates & # 8217 ; , on the other manus, chief method of philosophising involved inquiring many inquiries. By oppugning people and doing them believe he was able to obtain cognition and apprehension of life and its values. At the same clip, Socrates was assisting the people he was oppugning understand the logical thinking of his constructs and where they went incorrect.
Peoples would garner around and listen to Socrates inquiry person in order to derive cognition and understanding from his words. Socrates believed that people & # 8221 ; take pleasance in hearing people questioned & # 8221 ; ( Ap 23c ) . This method of oppugning, nevertheless, was non really popular with many of the people Socrates talked with. Peoples started acquiring upset with Socrates for doing them look stupid, but that did non halt him. He kept oppugning more people in his hunt of cognition.
One of Socrates & # 8217 ; chief ends in oppugning people like this was rational chase. In other words, he was on a hunt for human wisdom. Socrates believed & # 8221 ; The apprehension of life and its values? .was the very footing of the good life and doctrine & # 8221 ; ( Grube 1 ) . The chief purpose of all Socrates & # 8217 ; conversations with people was to detect the unknown truth. He was seeking to happen the existent replies to hard inquiries and define ethical footings through treatments with the people of Athens. Another end of Socrates & # 8217 ; methods of doctrine, & # 8221 ; Was to expose the ignorance of those who thought themselves wise and seek to convert his fellow citizens that every adult male is responsible for his ain moral attitudes & # 8221 ; ( Grube 1 ) . By this Socrates means that those who consider themselves wise are non because they think they know what they do non. An illustration of this was when Socrates talked to the people who were thought to be the wisest and he discovered that they were truly the most lacking.
Through out his life Socrates has deve
loped many theories and beliefs. Many of these were non accepted by other people, but Socrates did non care. One illustration of Socrates beliefs was that adult male should non take into history the hazard of decease when he has taken a place. He believes a adult male should confront danger and put on the line his life instead than be a shame to himself. In the Apology Socrates states ” To fear decease? .is no other than to believe oneself wise when 1 is non, to believe he knows what one does non know” ( Ap 29a ) . One of his chief statements for this belief is that cipher knows about decease. It may be the greatest thing that could go on to adult male. Socrates believed that decease is an advantage because he will be able to maintain company with other celebrated people who have died, and analyze their ideas.
Another theory of Socrates was that he was a approval for the metropolis of Athens. He believed that his pattern of oppugning people and detecting wisdom and truth was what the Gods ordered him to make. Socrates believed he was carrying people to care for their psyche and non personal wealth as a service to the Gods. He explains that & # 8221 ; Wealth does non convey approximately excellence, but excellence makes wealth and everything else good for work forces, both separately and jointly & # 8221 ; ( Ap 30b ) . Socrates besides claimed that because he told the truth during his test, which was non what the jury wanted to hear, he will be taken attention of by the Gods. He did non apologise for his attack at the test because he & # 8221 ; would instead decease after this sort of defence so live after doing the other sort & # 8221 ; ( Ap 38e ) .
My sentiment on Socrates manner of philosophizing, based on the reading, is a positive 1. I think his attack is really effectual in doing people believe and recognize where they are incorrect. Socrates was determined to accept nil but the whole truth of a topic, so he criticized and picked apart every statement. An illustration of this is when Socrates was inquiring Euthyphro what it means to be pious and impious. Euthyphro had his ain definition of the footings, but of class his accounts are subjected to Socrates oppugning. In the terminal Euthyphro is non certain if his definitions of pious and impious are right. I besides agree with Socrates attack to philosophizing because he was non afraid of the consequences. His manner made him unpopular with many people and finally led to his decease. This did non halt Socrates. He was non ashamed of his business and beliefs, and said he would maintain inquiring and analyzing people in his hereafter.
Socrates chief aims in life were the hunt for cognition and the pursuit for the truth. He accomplished these things utilizing his peculiar attack to philosophy despite the negative attending he received. In the terminal, Socrates life was a success because he stood up for what he believed in and persuaded about half of the jury into allowing him travel.